The evolution of media art cannot be fully understood without its history; “depth of field” analyses of images can play an important role in facilitating our political and aesthetic analysis of the present. Intro The starting point of the following comparisons is the visual manifesto of knowledge, L’Academie des Sciences et des Beaux-Arts, Sebastien Le Clerc created in 1698; here is a print from the Göttweig Graphic Collection. L’Academie can be described as summa of the grand project of mathematizing nature as propagated by Descartes and Newton. This digitization of a print, which can be magnified some sixteen thousand times, enables new access to the ‘dead medium’ of graphic prints and allows us to discover details that are barely recognizable in the original, for, to paraphrase Wölflin, “one only looks at for what one is able to see,” in order to make new questions and answers possible. Nested against a background of magnificent architecture, Le Clerc presents the grand spectrum of arts and sciences disciplines: mathematics, mechanics, physics, astronomy, music, anatomy, and philosophy are clearly recognizable. A great deal has been written about this work; I focus on the visual media,
which commentators so far have ignored. Interestingly, today as we seek to understand the revolution concerning our visual perception, it is these visual media in Le Clerc’s picture that have been picked up by artists. When we zoom into the image, we see that Le Clerc’s summa is also a collection of the optical media of his time, like in a burning mirror: the physiological basis of spatial vision is represented as well as central perspective, with which this drawing aid also refers to the vellum used by Dürer.
The video documentation of Oliver Grau’s keynote speech Media Art Explores Image Histories: New Tools For Our Field at ISEA2011 is available online in five parts. Please click on the the following links for Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV, and Part V.
- Oliver Grau (born 1965) is a German art historian and media theoretician with a focus on image science, modernity and media art as well as culture of the 19th century and Italian art of the Renaissance. Grau lectured in numerous parts of the world, received various awards and is widely published (12 languages). Recent works include Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion (MIT-Press 2003), Mediale Emotionen (Fischer, 2005), MediaArtHistories (MIT-Press 2007) and Imagery of the 21st Century (MIT-Press 2011).Currently Grau is Chair Professor at the Department for Image Science which develops lifelong learning programs in MediaArtHistories, Image Science, Crossmedia, Exhibit Design, Digital Collection Management. He was head of the German Science Foundation project Immersive Art, whose team since 1999 developed the first international Database of Digital Art: virtualart.at now based at Danube University. Grau directs as well the development of the Database of the Graphic Collection Goettweig, Austrias largest private graphic collection, which contains 30.000 masterprints from Duerer to Klimt: gssg.at. Grau is an advisory board member of numerous international journals (e.g. zB. IMAGES, Journal for Visual Studies, International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, IJArt Journal, International Journal of Art and Technology, Second Nature, Ekfrase) and was elected as member of the Academy of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences. Oliver Grau was chair of Refresh! First International Conference on the Histories of Media Art, Science, and Technology, Banff 2005.
Full text (PDF) p. 1031-1041